What Is Intracranial Pressure and How Is It Caused?

According to the Brain Injury Association of America, 1.5 million Americans experience a traumatic brain injury (TBI) every year. It is estimated that 50,000 Americans die as a result of these injuries. Brain injuries can produce a number of impairments that can affect a person’s professional, social and family life. TBI is at an all-time high with 5.3 million Americans living with resulting conditions such as neuropsychological impairment. Many of these impairments are the result of increased intracranial pressure. (ICP)

What is Intracranial Pressure?

ICP is defined as the amount of pressure applied by the cranium on brain tissue, the blood flowing in the brain, and the cerebrospinal fluid. A leading cause of intracranial pressure is brain trauma, especially the traumatic brain injuries that result in hematoma and cerebral edema. Brain structures may shift and brain tissue may be killed in specific areas or diffusely, over a widespread area, adding cerebrospinal fluid to the brain resulting in increased intracranial pressure. An intracranial brain pressure of 25mmHg is usually fatal in adults, whereas children have a greater tolerance for increased, longer lasting pressures.

What Are the Symptoms and Causes and Prognosis of ICP?

Headaches, nausea, vomiting, distorted levels of consciousness, visual impairment, slow pulse, and erratic or unusual breathing patterns are some symptoms of increased intracranial pressure. Many of these are the same symptoms that are associated with concussion. It is imperative that anyone showing any of these symptoms be provided proper emergency medical treatment immediately.

Intracranial pressure resulting from head trauma, such as a skull fracture or diffuse axonal injury is almost always severe. Irreversible damage may be caused to the entire central nervous system and with more severe increases in pressure, death may occur. Although head injury is the most likely cause of intracranial pressure, there are other causes as well such as stroke, brain tumor, subdural hematoma, hypertensive brain hemorrhage, meningitis, encephalitis, ruptured aneurysm, intraventricular hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage and status epilepticus.

Traumatic brain injury affects different people in many different ways depending on the severity of an injury and how quickly the injured person receives proper medical treatment. There are treatments that can help in cases of TBI but the time frame for recovery can often be a very long term process involving years of rehabilitation. In many cases complete recovery is simply not possible. The cost of a brain injury over a lifetime can be astronomical, due to medical costs, physical and occupational therapy, speech and language therapy, special equipment requirements and lost income. These costs are often calculated in the millions. But no monetary compensation can be enough for a person who faces a life of debilitation.

If You Suffered a Traumatic Brain Injury

If you or a loved one suffered a brain injury due to the negligence of another it is important that you seek the counsel of an experienced brain injury attorney as soon as possible. Brain injury cases are more complex than other types of injuries. A brain injury attorney will be knowledgeable of the different types of injuries, the detrimental effects of those injuries and the true cost of the injury over a person’s lifetime. The attorney will have the resources required for providing professional medical experts. If necessary the attorney will be willing to take the case through the entire justice system to reach the best possible outcome on your behalf. You may be entitled to damages for a lifetime of medical bills, rehabilitation, loss of income, pain and suffering and in some cases, punitive damages.

Dolman Law Group

Dolman Law Group has represented countless victims of traumatic brain injury successfully. The attorneys of Dolman Law Group know the true value of your case and will fight tenaciously to get you the award that you truly deserve. Reach out to Dolman Law Group today for a free evaluation of your case. Do not hesitate as statutes of limitation do apply. Once time runs out you will be forever prevented from recovering damages. 

Dolman Law Group
5435 Main Street
New Port Richey, FL 34652
(727) 853-6275